Significant diseases in beef cattle


Beef cattle normally have the same diseases as dairy cattle. Many pest and disease-causing agents affect the cattle industry in the world. These cattle found many respiratory and neurological disorders that are common in both develop and under-develop countries, but developed countries have many precautions to avoid these diseases and almost they eliminate these diseases. Like foot and mouth disease is a prevalent disease and now it is eliminated from developed countries like North America, Central America, Australia and New Zealand. The rest of the world still faces these diseases.

There are many diseases in beef cattle, but some of the important and common are following:

 

  1. Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex (BRDC):

This disease is also known as “shipping fever.” It is a common term used for pneumonia. This disease is normally seen in shipped or stressed calves. Many agents are responsible for this syndrome. Some stress factors like dehorning, shipping, weaning and some weather changes make cattle susceptible to these disease-causing viruses and bacteria. Stress cannot be eliminated, but it can be reduced by careful handling and sanitary conditions. The best precaution to avoid BRDC is to vaccinate the animal routinely. Vaccination must be done in the early stages of life.

 

  1. Clostridial Disease:

This disease is commonly known as “blackleg.” Blackleg is a common name of bacterial infection named clostridial. Almost 60 different types of clostridial bacteria are present, but all of them are not disease-causing agents. This disease is commonly found among young cattle less than two years old. In this disease, gangrene is formed in muscle. This disease normally develops in those calves that are not getting proper colostrum. This syndrome can also find in older cattle, but it is very rare and develops due to vaccination with contaminated needles.

 

  1. Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRCV):

This disease is related to stress infection and may be fatal. This disorder may lead to a mild or severe respiratory disorder. This is such a type of disease that can also reduce resistance against other diseases. Cattle feel cough, high temperature, runny nose and eyes.

 

  1. Haemophilus Somnus:

This is a very common disorder in cattle and caused by bacteria. This syndrome leads to respiratory, neurological and respiratory diseases. It can be considered as the primary agent for a respiratory disorder and also responsible for other infections due to making cattle susceptible to other disease-causing agents. Common symptoms are high fever, cough, nasal discharge and high labored breathing. Cattle may be died due to this disease. Sometimes animals didn’t show any symptoms in this disease and maybe dying.

 

  1. Pasteurella Haemolytic and Pasteurella Multocida:

These are the most common bacteria that are highly infectious. These organisms are major causes of pneumonia. These are the most common and widely founded organisms in cattle that are died due to respiratory disorders. These bacteria multiply very quickly in the presence of stress conditions, changing weather (poor weather) and in the presence of other disease-causing agents. Symptoms include depression, lethargy, high temperature and appetite loss. They are very dangerous organisms and death can occur suddenly with very few signs. In case animals survive, their lungs are damaged badly.

 

  1. Bloat:

It is also one of the very common disease among cattle. This disease is commonly caused by the extra consumption of leguminous plants that are rapidly fermented. These plants produce a high amount of gas as a by-product and animals couldn’t discharge this gas and ultimately die due to high pressure on internal organs. This disease badly affects reproductive organs and sometimes cause infertility or abortions. This disease can be avoided by careful pasture management.

  1. Foot and Mouth Disease:

This disease, also known as hoof and mouth disease and some other countries it is also named as aftosa. It is a highly contagious viral disease. The formation of fluid-filled blisters characterizes this disease on the tongue, lips and other parts of the mouth. These blisters can be formed everywhere on the mouth, where the skin is thin. To identify this disease, laboratory analysis must be done because such symptoms can also be found in other diseases. This disease is also considered as the economy devastating in the world.

  1. Rabies:

This disease is common in animals and humans. Both can affect these diseases equally. It affects all warm-blooded animals. Rabies causing agents directly affect the central nervous system and in most cases, it causes death. The animal can be vaccinated from a certified veterinarian in the early life of an animal. Rabies vaccination is easily available in the market and it must be used according to the instruction of the veterinarian.

 

Conclusion:

Cattle are an important animal in our society. It is important both for dairy and beef purposes. It also faces many diseases and showing symptoms to us. Perfect care must be needed, and an expert must be there every time on the farm to look after these animals.